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  • Archives

  • Why giant corporations aren’t “evil”

    A lot of people lately think that giant corporations are evil and made up of terrible people who are greedy liars and that small businesses are good and honest and are far better. I’m here to tell you you’re completely wrong.

    I’m gonna tell you a made-up story, but it is similar to what probably happened. The setting is 20 years ago in a small town in arkansas. There are 4 department stores in town. One called Wal-Mart, the others department store #1, #2, and #3. They were all pretty good department stores, but the store called Wal-Mart had better customer service, sold better quality products, and so people shopped there a lot more than at department stores #1, #2, and #3. Over time, Wal-Mart accumulated so much money that they opened another store, and another, and another. Now, in 2009, they are a giant corporation with hundreds of stores. People who don’t know this story just assume that Wal-mart is evil and the smaller department stores are much better. Well, 20 years ago, Wal-Mart started off just like the other department stores, but was the best department store there was in the area back then. So then they expanded and got to be a big corporation. They didn’t start off huge, they started off just like the other department stores and because they had better customer service and sold better quality products, they are the huge mega-chain of department stores they are today.

    Understand yet? Corporations aren’t evil!

    My second story also takes place 20 years ago in 1989, but in Seattle. There is a store called Starbucks, and Coffee Store #1, #2, and #3. The 4 coffee stores were all very small and only had 1 store, but Starbucks made a better cup of coffee than the other coffee stores, and then made enough money to expand. The only reason they are a huge chain of coffee stores now is that they made a better cup of coffee 20 years ago. They started off the same as the other coffee stores, but they got to be the best by making the best coffee, its simple.

    So now hopefully you see that small businesses aren’t always the best. Also, larger corporations employ way more people, offer better deals on lots of products, which is always good in a bad economy like this. Also, they offer better healthcare than most small businesses can afford. Larger corporations also circulate more money through the economy, and also give back more taxes to the government, which comes right back to spend on you.

    Corporations are not evil!

    Scott

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    World War 1 Timeline

    Not so random anymore, the 3rd timeline I’ve posted on this site.
    From http://www.firstworldwar.com/timeline/index.htm

    1914

  • June 28: Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of Austro-Hungarian empire, in Sarajevo, Bosnia
  • July 28: Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia
  • July 29: December 9: Austria-Hungary repeatedly invades Serbia but is repeatedly repulsed
  • August 1: Outbreak of war, Germany Declares War on Russia
  • August 3: Germany declares war on France
  • August 4: Germany invades neutral Belgium
  • August 4: Britain declares war on Germany
  • August 4: US President Woodrow Wilson declares policy of US neutrality
  • August 14: Battle of the Frontiers begins
  • August 17-19: Russia invades East Prussia
  • August 23: Japan declares war on Germany
  • August 23 – September 2: Austria-Hungary invades Russian Poland (Galicia)
  • August 26-30: Battle of Tannenberg, which Russia loses; Germany’s greatest success of the war on Eastern Front
  • September 5-10: First Battle of Marne, halts German advance, resulting in stalemate and trench warfare
  • September 9-14: First Battle of Masurian Lakes, which Russia again loses
  • September 14: First Battle of Aisne begins
  • September 15-November 24: The “race to the sea”, trenches appear on September 15
  • September 17-28: Austro-German attack western Poland
  • October 14: November 22-First Battle of Ypres
  • October 29: Turkey enters the war on the side of the Central Powers
  • December 8: Battle of the Falkland Islands
  • December 21: First German air raid on Britain
  • December 25: Unofficial Christmas truce declared by soldiers along the Western Front
  • 1915

  • January 1 – March 30: Allied offensive in Artois and Champagne
  • January 15: Japan’s 21 demands on China
  • January 19-20: First German zeppelin attack on England
  • February 4: German U-boat attacks on Allied and neutral shipping; declares blockade of Britain
  • February 7-21: Russians suffer heavy losses at Second Battle of Masurian Lakes (also known as the Winter Battle)
  • February – April: Austro-Hungarian attack on Russian Poland (Galicia) collapses, with the Russians counterattacking
  • February 19-August: Allied amphibious attack on the Dardanelles and Gallipoli (initiated by Winston Churchill, who resigns as a consequence) ends with the Turkish siege of the Allied forces
  • March 1: First passenger ship sinks, the British liner Falaba
  • March 11: Britain announces blockade of German ports
  • April-June: Germans focus on Eastern Front, breaking through Gorlice-Tarnow and forcing Russia out of much of Poland
  • April 22 – May 25: First use of poison gas by Germany starts Second Battle of Ypres
  • April 25: Allied landing at Gallipoli
  • April 26: France, Russia, Italy and Britain conclude secret Treaty of London
  • May 2: Austro-German offensive on Galicia begins
  • May 7: U-boat sinks British liner Lusitania with the loss of American lives, creating a US-German diplomatic crisis
  • May 9: Second Battle of Artois begins
  • May 23: Ignoring treaty agreements with the Central Powers, Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary
  • May 25: British Prime Minister Asquith reorganises his Liberal government as a coalition of the parties
  • June 29 – December 2: Italians launch unsuccessful attack on Hungarians at 1st, 2nd, 3rd & 4th Battles of Isonzo; there are to be 12 in total
  • August 4: Germans capture Warsaw
  • September 5: Tsar Nicholas takes command of Russian armies
  • September 22: Second Battle of Champagne begins
  • October 3: Anglo-French force lands at Salonika in Greece
  • October – November: Austro-German-Bulgarian forces invade Serbia, expelling Serbian army from the country
  • December 19: Sir Douglas Haig replaces Sir John French as commander of British Expeditionary Force
  • December 28: Allies begin withdrawal of troops from Gallipoli
  • 1916

  • February 21 – December 18: German attack on Verdun in the longest battle of the war, ultimately defended by the French at great cost to both sides
  • March 11 – November 14: 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th and 9th Battles of Isonzo between Italy and Austria-Hungary
  • April: British forces in Mesopotamia begin advance on Baghdad
  • March 9: Pancho Villa’s raid on Columbus, New Mexico
  • March 24: French passenger ship, Sussex, torpedoed
  • April 24: Easter rebellion starts in Ireland
  • May 4: Germany renounces submarine policy
  • May 19: Britain and France conclude Sykes-Picot agreement
  • May 31 – June 1: Battle of Jutland, the biggest naval battle in history, ultimately without a clear victor
  • June – August: Turkish forces, led by Enver Pasha, are defeated by the Russians in the Caucasus
  • June 4 – September 20: Russian Brusilov offensive in Carpathia nearly knocks Austria-Hungary out of the war
  • June 5: With British support (led by T.E. Lawrence), Hussein, grand sherif of Mecca, lead an Arab revolt against the Turks in the Hejaz
  • July 1 : Start of the Battle of the Somme, with the greatest number of casualties in British military history, 60,000
  • July 29: US marines land in Haiti
  • August – December: Romania enters the war with the Allies, but is quickly overrun by German forces
  • August 28: Italy declares war on Germany
  • August 31: Germany suspends submarine assaults
  • September 15: Tanks introduced for the first time on the Somme battlefield by the British
  • October 15: Germany resumes U-boat attacks
  • November 7-9: US President Woodrow Wilson secures re-election
  • November 18: End of the Battle of the Somme
  • November 28: First German airplane (as opposed to zeppelin) air-raid on Britain
  • November 29: US occupation of Santa Domingo proclaimed
  • December 7: David Lloyd George replaces Asquith as British Prime Minister
  • December 12: Germany issues peace note suggesting compromise peace
  • December 18: US President Woodrow Wilson requests statements of war objectives from warring nations in peace note
  • 1917

  • January 10: Allies state peace objectives in response to US President Woodrow Wilson’s December 1916 peace note
  • January 31: Germany announces unrestricted submarine warfare
  • February 1: Germany resumes unrestricted submarine warfare
  • February 3: US severs diplomatic ties with Germany
  • February 23 – April 5: German forces begin withdrawal to strong positions on the Hindenburg Line
  • February 24: Zimmermann Telegram is passed to the US by Britain, detailing alleged German proposal of an alliance with Mexico against the US
  • February 26: US President Woodrow Wilson requests permission from Congress to arm US merchantmen
  • March 1: Zimmermann Telegram published in US press
  • March 11: British capture Baghdad
  • March 12: US President Woodrow Wilson announces arming of US merchantmen by executive order after failing to win approval from Congress
  • March 15: Tsar Nicholas II abdicates as a consequence of Russian Revolution
  • March 20: US President Woodrow Wilson’s war cabinet votes unanimously in favour of declaring war on Germany
  • April 2: US President Woodrow Wilson delivers war address to Congress
  • April 6: US declares war on Germany
  • April 9-20: Nivelle Offensive (Second Battle of Aisne, Third Battle of Champagne) ends in French failure
  • April 9: Canadian success at the Battle of Vimy Ridge
  • April 16: Lenin arrives in Russia
  • April 29 – May 20: Mutiny breaks out among French army
  • May 12 – October 24: 10th, 11th and 12th Battles of Isonzo fought, ending in Italian failure
  • May 28: Pershing leaves New York for France
  • June 7: British explode 19 large mines under the Messines Ridge
  • June 15: US Espionage Act passed
  • June 26: First US troops arrive in France, 1st Division
  • June 27: Greece enters the war on the side of the Allies
  • July 2: Pershing makes first request for army of 1,000,000 men
  • July 6: T.E. Lawrence and the Arabs capture Aquaba
  • July 11: Pershing revises army request figures upwards to 3,000,000
  • July 16: Third Battles of Ypres (Passchendaele) begins
  • July 31: Major British offensive launched at Ypres.
  • September 1: Germany takes the northernmost end of the Russian front in the Riga offensive
  • October 24: Austria-Germany breakthrough at Caporetto on Italian front
  • November 7: Bolshevik Revolution in Russia results in Communist government under Lenin taking office
  • November 20: British launch surprise tank attack at Cambrai
  • December 7: US declares war on Austria-Hungary
  • December 9: Jerusalem falls to Britain
  • December 22: Russia opens separate peace negotiations with Germany (Brest-Litovsk)
  • 1918

  • January – September: T.E. Lawrence leads Arab guerrillas in successful campaign against Turkish positions in Arabia and Palestine
  • January 8: US President Woodrow Wilson makes “Fourteen Points” speech to Congress
  • February 11: US President Woodrow Wilson makes “Four Principles” speech to Congress
  • March 3: Soviet Russia concludes separate peace negotiations in treaty of Brest-Litovsk
  • March 21: Germany launches Spring push, eventually mounting five major offensives against Allied forces, starting with the Battle of Picardy against the British
  • March 26: Doullens Agreement gives General Ferdinand Foch “co-ordinating authority” over the Western Front
  • April 9: Germany launches second Spring offensive, the Battle of the Lys, in the British sector of Armentieres
  • April 14: Foch appointed Commander-in-Chief of Allied forces on Western Front
  • May 25: German U-boats appear in US waters for first time
  • May 27: Third German Spring offensive, Third Battle of the Aisne, begins in French sector along Chemin des Dames
  • May 28: US forces (28th Regiment of 1st Division) victorious in first major action, Battle of Cantigny
  • June 6: US 3rd Division captures Bouresches and southern part of Belleau Wood
  • June 9: Germans launch fourth Spring offensive, Battle of the Matz, in French sector between Noyan and Montdider
  • June 15: Italians prevail against Austro-Hungarian forces at Battle of Piave
  • July 6 : US President Woodrow Wilson agrees to US intervention in Siberia
  • July 15: Final phase of great German Spring push, the Second Battle of Marne, begins
  • July 16-17: Former Tsar Nicholas II, his wife, and children, are murdered by the Bolsheviks
  • July 18: Allies counterattack against German forces, seizing initiative
  • August 3: Allied intervention begins at Vladivosto
  • August 8: Haig directs start of successful Amiens offensive, forcing all German troops back to the Hindenburg Line; Ludendorff calls it a “black day” for German army
  • September 12: US forces clear the St.-Mihiel salient, during which the greatest air assault of the war is launched by the US
  • September 19: Start of British offensive in Palestine, the Battle of Megiddo
  • September 26: Battle of the Vardar pits Serb, Czech, Italian, French and British forces against Bulgarian forces
  • September 26: Meuse-Argonne offensive opens; the final Franco-American offensive of the war
  • September 27 – October 17: Haig’s forces storm the Hindenburg Line, breaking through at several points
  • September 29: Bulgaria concludes armistice negotiations
  • September 28 – October 14: Belgian troops attack at Ypres
  • October 3-4 : Germany and Austria send peace notes to US President Woodrow Wilson requesting an armistice
  • October 17 – November 11: British advance to the Sambre and Schledt rivers, taking many German prisoners
  • October 21: Germany ceases unrestricted submarine warfare
  • October 27: Erich Ludendorff resigns
  • October 30: Turkey concludes an armistice with the Allies
  • November 3: German fleet mutinies at Kiel
  • November 3: Trieste falls to the Allies; Austria-Hungary concludes an armistice
  • November 7-11: Germany negotiates an armistice with the Allies in Ferdinand Foch’s railway carriage headquarters at Compiegne
  • November 9: Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates
  • November 10: Kaiser Wilhelm II flees to Holland
  • November 10: German republic is founded
  • November 11: Armistice day; fighting ceases at 11am
  • 1919

  • January 10-15: Communist revolt in Berlin
  • January 18: Start of peace negotiations in Paris
  • January 25: Peace conference accepts principle of a League of Nations
  • February 6: German National Assembly meets in Weimar
  • February 14: Draft covenant of League of Nations completed
  • May 6: Peace conference disposes of German colonies
  • May 7 – June 28: Treaty of Versailles drafted and signed
  • June 21: German High Seas Fleet scuttled at Scapa Flow
  • July 19: Cenotaph is unveiled in London

  • Here’s a map that better show you what Serbia is, and other countries you might have never heard of.

    Scott777

    Another Random Timeline

    This time it is way shorter and about Anne Frank
    From http://library.thinkquest.org/J002422F/timeline.htm

  • May 12, 1925-Otto Frank and Edith Hollander are married
  • February 16, 1926- Edith and Otto’s first child is born. Her name is Margot (born in Frankfurt Am Main).
  • Autumn 1927- The Frank family moves into their new home at number 24 Ganghoferstrasse.
  • June 12, 1929-Anne Frank is born in Frankfurt am Main.
  • March 1931- The Frank family moves to number 24 Ganghoferstrasse.
  • September 15, 1933-Otto Frank establishes the company Opekta-works.
  • February 1934-Anne Frank moves to Amsterdam.
  • June 1, 1938-Otto Frank establishes his second company Peacton B.V.
  • December 1, 1940- Otto Frank’s company moves to number 263 on the Prinsengracht Canal in Amsterdam.
  • May 8, 1941-Operetta-Works changed it’s name to Trading Company Gies& Co.
  • Summer 1941-Anne and Margot attend the Jewish Lyceum in Amsterdam.
  • June 12,1942-Anne Frank receives the diary for her 13th birthday.
  • July 6,1942-The Frank family goes into hiding at the Secret Annex at number 263 Prinsengracht.
  • August 4,1944-The people from the Secret Annex are discovered.
  • August 8,1944-The people from the Secret Annex are transported to the concentration camp at Westerbork.
  • October 1944-Anne and Margot are taken to the concentration camp at Bergen-Belsen.
  • January 6,1945-Edith Frank dies in Auschwitz.
  • January 27,1945-Otto Frank is freed when Auschwitz is liberated by the Russian Army.
  • March 1945-Anne and Margot Frank die in Bergen-Belsen.
  • Scott777

    Why Grades DON’T Matter as much as You Think They Do

    Maybe a better title is “Schools don’t teach kids what they need to know”, but I won’t change it…

    Yeah, I know what you’re all thinking… “What a stupid 7th grader! He should know that Grades come before anything! If he gets bad Grades, he’ll get a bad job and basically fail life and have no money when he’s older!”
    Right?
    WRONG!
    My plan is to join the U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, or Coast Guard. (I haven’t decided yet, but for now, we’ll just say its the Coast Guard)
    But I can’t enlist until I’m 18, so I’m going to work somewhere like in a retail store before that. And I’m not even allowed to move out until I’m 18, so between the time I can get a job and when I move out of my parents house. So lets just say I will work at American Eagle or Aeropostale, my favorite clothing stores.
    You don’t have to be a nerd to work there, although it would help to get good grades. But, they don’t teach you how to sell stuff in Junior High, they don’t teach you how to use a cash register.
    So, lets skip that part of my life for now.
    Onward to the Coast Guard!
    Obviously, you don’t have to be a genius to get into the Coast Guard. I bet they will know that learning CPR and flying a helicopter are not required in school. So they won’t care if my grades aren’t good. (Maybe CPR is learned in Gym Class, but I never learned it in Gym so lets say its not, they didn’t teach it in my Gym Class). I don’t mean that straight N’s will get you anywhere, (Because they won’t) but I usually get C’s and B’s. They will teach me how to fly a helicopter, they will teach me CPR (If I already knew it (which I don’t) they will either teach me it or review it), they won’t care about algebraic equations, they won’t care if I can name the presidents or not, they won’t care if I can say everything in French, they would want me to rescue english speakers while I’m speaking English to them anyway.

    Same with the Army. Because they obviously teach you how to Fire an M-16 in Science, maybe Grades do matter! (If you’re a complete idiot and believe they are actually teaching us how to Fire an M-16 now, you should be back in school, and I was being sarcastic obviously).

    Maybe you don’t see my point, maybe you do. Parents probably want their children to get good grades so they can get a good job and NOT join the Military, but hey! When I’m 18 I’m a legal adult, and my parents then can only make recommendations, they can’t tell me if I’m going to join the Military or not. Parents just don’t want their son or daughter to be injured.

    So maybe you see my point, maybe you don’t. Everyone thinks grades matter more than anything, but if you choose a future at all similar to mine, Grades may still matter, but not as much. I’m not telling everyone you should just not care at all about Grades, they are a little important, just not the most important thing now! Probably the most important thing now is getting good at a sport or something. So you have a fallback if you don’t get into the Military because of the PHYSICAL test, not a “How smart are you” Test. The test is if you are strong enough, how good your eyesight it, how good your hearing is, stuff like that which won’t involve naming the presidents.

    Scott777

    Disagree or Agree! Whichever, comment your opinion!

    Random World War Two Timeline!

    Yes, very random but pretty interesting. Of course if you like history like I do. From This site
    I did not write any of this, I’m just hosting it in a different format on this site. This came from
    http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/timeline/ww2time.htm

    1918

  • Nov 11 – World War One ends with German defeat.
  • 1919

  • April 28 – League of Nations founded.
  • June 28 – Signing of the Treaty of Versailles.
  • 1921

  • July 29 – Adolf Hitler becomes leader of National Socialist ‘Nazi’ Party.
  • 1923

  • Nov 8/9 – The Beer Hall Putsch.
  • 1925

  • July 18 – Hitler’s book “Mein Kampf” published.
  • 1926

  • Sept 8 – Germany admitted to League of Nations.
  • 1929

  • Oct 29 – Stock Market on Wall Street crashes.
  • 1930

  • Sept 14 – Germans elect Nazis making them the 2nd largest political party in Germany.
  • 1932

  • Nov 8 – Roosevelt elected President of the United States.
  • 1933

  • Jan 30 – Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany.
  • Feb 27 – The Reichstag burns.
  • March 12 – First concentration camp opened at Oranienburg outside Berlin.
  • March 23 – Enabling Act gives Hitler dictatorial power.
  • April 1 – Nazi boycott of Jewish owned shops.
  • May 10 – Nazis burn books in Germany.
  • In June – Nazis open Dachau concentration camp.
  • July 14 – Nazi party declared only party in Germany.
  • Oct 14 – Germany quits the League of Nations.
  • 1934

  • June 30 – The “Night of the Long Knives.”
  • July 25 – Nazis murder Austrian Chancellor Dollfuss.
  • Aug 2 – German President Hindenburg dies.
  • Aug 19 – Adolf Hitler becomes Führer of Germany.
  • 1935

  • March 16 – Hitler violates the Treaty of Versailles by introducing military conscription.
  • Sept 15 – German Jews stripped of rights by Nuremberg Race Laws.
  • 1936

  • Feb 10 – The German Gestapo is placed above the law.
  • March 7 – German troops occupy the Rhineland.
  • May 9 – Mussolini’s Italian forces take Ethiopia.
  • July 18 – Civil war erupts in Spain.
  • Aug 1 – Olympic games begin in Berlin.
  • Oct 1 – Franco declared head of Spanish State.
  • 1937

  • June 11 – Soviet leader Stalin begins a purge of Red Army generals.
  • Nov 5 – Hitler reveals war plans during Hossbach Conference.
  • 1938

  • March 12/13 – Germany announces ‘Anschluss’ (union) with Austria.
  • Aug 12 – German military mobilizes.
  • Sept 30 – British Prime Minister Chamberlain appeases Hitler at Munich.
  • Oct 15 – German troops occupy the Sudetenland; Czech government resigns.
  • Nov 9/10 – Kristallnacht – The Night of Broken Glass.
  • 1939

  • Jan 30, 1939 – Hitler threatens Jews during Reichstag speech.
  • March 15/16 – Nazis take Czechoslovakia.
  • March 28, 1939 – Spanish Civil war ends.
  • May 22, 1939 – Nazis sign ‘Pact of Steel’ with Italy.
  • Aug 23, 1939 – Nazis and Soviets sign Pact.
  • Aug 25, 1939 – Britain and Poland sign a Mutual Assistance Treaty.
  • Aug 31, 1939 – British fleet mobilizes; Civilian evacuations begin from London.
  • Sept 1, 1939 – Nazis invade Poland.
  • Sept 3, 1939 – Britain, France, Australia and New Zealand declare war on Germany.
  • Sept 4, 1939 – British Royal Air Force attacks the German Navy.
  • Sept 5, 1939 – United States proclaims neutrality; German troops cross the Vistula River in Poland.
  • Sept 10, 1939 – Canada declares war on Germany; Battle of the Atlantic begins.
  • Sept 17, 1939 – Soviets invade Poland.
  • Sept 27, 1939 – Warsaw surrenders to Nazis; Reinhard Heydrich becomes the leader of new Reich Main Security Office (RSHA).
  • Sept 29, 1939 – Nazis and Soviets divide up Poland.
  • In Oct – Nazis begin euthanasia on sick and disabled in Germany.
  • Nov 8, 1939 – Assassination attempt on Hitler fails.
  • Nov 30, 1939 – Soviets attack Finland.
  • Dec 14, 1939 – Soviet Union expelled from the League of Nations.
  • 1940

  • Jan 8, 1940 – Rationing begins in Britain.
  • March 12, 1940 – Finland signs a peace treaty with Soviets.
  • March 16, 1940 – Germans bomb Scapa Flow naval base near Scotland.
  • April 9, 1940 – Nazis invade Denmark and Norway.
  • May 10, 1940 – Nazis invade France, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands; Winston Churchill becomes British Prime Minister.
  • May 15, 1940 – Holland surrenders to the Nazis.
  • May 26, 1940 – Evacuation of Allied troops from Dunkirk begins.
  • May 28, 1940 – Belgium surrenders to the Nazis.
  • June 3, 1940 – Germans bomb Paris; Dunkirk evacuation ends.
  • June 10, 1940 – Norway surrenders to the Nazis; Italy declares war on Britain and France.
  • June 14, 1940 – Germans enter Paris.
  • June 16, 1940 – Marshal Pétain becomes French Prime Minister.
  • June 18, 1940 – Hitler and Mussolini meet in Munich; Soviets begin occupation of the Baltic States.
  • June 22, 1940 – France signs an armistice with the Nazis.
  • June 23, 1940 – Hitler tours Paris.
  • June 28, 1940 – Britain recognizes General Charles de Gaulle as the Free French leader.
  • July 1, 1940 – German U-boats attack merchant ships in the Atlantic.
  • July 5, 1940 – French Vichy government breaks off relations with Britain.
  • July 10, 1940 – Battle of Britain begins.
  • July 23, 1940 – Soviets take Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.
  • Aug 3-19 – Italians occupy British Somaliland in East Africa.
  • Aug 13, 1940 – German bombing offensive against airfields and factories in England.
  • Aug 15, 1940 – Air battles and daylight raids over Britain.
  • Aug 17, 1940 – Hitler declares a blockade of the British Isles.
  • Aug 23/24 – First German air raids on Central London.
  • Aug 25/26 – First British air raid on Berlin.
  • Sept 3, 1940 – Hitler plans Operation Sealion (the invasion of Britain).
  • Sept 7, 1940 – German Blitz against England begins.
  • Sept 13, 1940 – Italians invade Egypt.
  • Sept 15, 1940 – Massive German air raids on London, Southampton, Bristol, Cardiff, Liverpool and Manchester.
  • Sept 16, 1940 – United States military conscription bill passed.
  • Sept 27, 1940 – Tripartite (Axis) Pact signed by Germany, Italy and Japan.
  • Oct 7, 1940 – German troops enter Romania.
  • Oct 12, 1940 – Germans postpone Operation Sealion until Spring of 1941.
  • Oct 28, 1940 – Italy invades Greece.
  • Nov 5, 1940 – Roosevelt re-elected as U.S. president.
  • Nov 10/11 – A torpedo bomber raid cripples the Italian fleet at Taranto, Italy.
  • Nov 14/15 – Germans bomb Coventry, England.
  • Nov 20, 1940 – Hungary joins the Axis Powers.
  • Nov 22, 1940 – Greeks defeat the Italian 9th Army.
  • Nov 23, 1940 – Romania joins the Axis Powers.
  • Dec 9/10 – British begin a western desert offensive in North Africa against the Italians.
  • Dec 29/30 – Massive German air raid on London.
  • 1941

  • Jan 22, 1941 – Tobruk in North Africa falls to the British and Australians.
  • Feb 11, 1941 – British forces advance into Italian Somaliland in East Africa.
  • Feb 12, 1941 – German General Erwin Rommel arrives in Tripoli, North Africa.
  • Feb 14, 1941 – First units of German ‘Afrika Korps’ arrive in North Africa.
  • March 7, 1941 – British forces arrive in Greece.
  • March 11, 1941 – President Roosevelt signs the Lend-Lease Act.
  • March 27, 1941 – A coup in Yugoslavia overthrows the pro-Axis government.
  • April 3, 1941 – Pro-Axis regime set up in Iraq.
  • April 6, 1941 – Nazis invade Greece and Yugoslavia.
  • April 14, 1941 – Rommel attacks Tobruk.
  • April 17, 1941 – Yugoslavia surrenders to the Nazis.
  • April 27, 1941 – Greece surrenders to the Nazis.
  • May 1, 1941 – German attack on Tobruk is repulsed.
  • May 10, 1941 – Deputy Führer Rudolph Hess flies to Scotland.
  • May 10/11 – Heavy German bombing of London; British bomb Hamburg.
  • May 15, 1941 – Operation Brevity begins (the British counter-attack in Egypt).
  • May 24, 1941 – Sinking of the British ship Hood by the Bismarck.
  • May 27, 1941 – Sinking of the Bismarck by the British Navy.
  • June 4, 1941 – Pro-Allied government installed in Iraq.
  • June 8, 1941 – Allies invade Syria and Lebanon.
  • June 14, 1941 – United States freezes German and Italian assets in America.
  • June 22, 1941 – Germany attacks Soviet Union as Operation Barbarossa begins.
  • In June – Nazi SS Einsatzgruppen begin mass murder.
  • June 28, 1941 – Germans capture Minsk.
  • July 3, 1941 – Stalin calls for a scorched earth policy.
  • July 10, 1941 – Germans cross the River Dnieper in the Ukraine.
  • July 12, 1941 – Mutual Assistance agreement between British and Soviets.
  • July 14, 1941 – British occupy Syria.
  • July 26, 1941 – Roosevelt freezes Japanese assets in United States and suspends relations.
  • July 31, 1941 – Göring instructs Heydrich to prepare for the Final Solution.
  • Aug 1, 1941 – United States announces an oil embargo against aggressor states.
  • Aug 14, 1941 – Roosevelt and Churchill announce the Atlantic Charter.
  • Aug 20, 1941 – Nazi siege of Leningrad begins.
  • Sept 1, 1941 – Nazis order Jews to wear yellow stars.
  • Sept 3, 1941 – First experimental use of gas chambers at Auschwitz.
  • Sept 19, 1941 – Nazis take Kiev.
  • Sept 29, 1941 – Nazis murder 33,771 Jews at Kiev.
  • Oct 2, 1941 – Operation Typhoon begins (German advance on Moscow).
  • Oct 16, 1941 – Germans take Odessa.
  • Oct 24, 1941 – Germans take Kharkov.
  • Oct 30, 1941 – Germans reach Sevastopol.
  • Nov 13, 1941 – British aircraft carrier Ark Royal is sunk off Gibraltar by a U-boat.
  • Nov 20, 1941 – Germans take Rostov.
  • Nov 27, 1941 – Soviet troops retake Rostov.
  • Dec 5, 1941 – German attack on Moscow is abandoned.
  • Dec 6, 1941 – Soviet Army launches a major counter-offensive around Moscow.
  • Dec 7, 1941 – Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor; Hitler issues the Night and Fog decree.
  • Dec 8, 1941 – United States and Britain declare war on Japan.
  • Dec 11, 1941 – Germany declares war on the United States.
  • Dec 16, 1941 – Rommel begins a retreat to El Agheila in North Africa.
  • Dec 19, 1941 – Hitler takes complete command of the German Army.
  • 1942

  • Jan 1, 1942 – Declaration of the United Nations signed by 26 Allied nations.
  • Jan 13, 1942 – Germans begin a U-boat offensive along east coast of USA.
  • Jan 20, 1942 – SS Leader Heydrich holds the Wannsee Conference to coordinate the “Final Solution of the Jewish Question.”
  • Jan 21, 1942 – Rommel’s counter-offensive from El Agheila begins.
  • Jan 26, 1942 – First American forces arrive in Great Britain.
  • In April – Japanese-Americans sent to relocation centers.
  • April 23, 1942 – German air raids begin against cathedral cities in Britain.
  • May 8, 1942 – German summer offensive begins in the Crimea.
  • May 26, 1942 – Rommel begins an offensive against the Gazala Line.
  • May 27, 1942 – SS Leader Heydrich attacked in Prague.
  • May 30, 1942 – First thousand bomber British air raid (against Cologne).
  • In June – Mass murder of Jews by gassing begins at Auschwitz.
  • June 4, 1942 – Heydrich dies of wounds.
  • June 5, 1942 – Germans besiege Sevastopol.
  • June 10, 1942 – Nazis liquidate Lidice in reprisal for Heydrich’s assassination.
  • June 21, 1942 – Rommel captures Tobruk.
  • June 25, 1942 – Eisenhower arrives in London.
  • June 30, 1942 – Rommel reaches El Alamein near Cairo, Egypt.
  • July 1-30 – First Battle of El Alamein.
  • July 3, 1942 – Germans take Sevastopol.
  • July 5, 1942 – Soviet resistance in the Crimea ends.
  • July 9, 1942 – Germans begin a drive toward Stalingrad in the USSR.
  • July 22, 1942 – First deportations from the Warsaw Ghetto to concentration camps; Treblinka extermination camp opened.
  • Aug 7, 1942 – British General Bernard Montgomery takes command of Eighth Army in North Africa.
  • Aug 12, 1942 – Stalin and Churchill meet in Moscow.
  • Aug 17, 1942 – First all-American air attack in Europe.
  • Aug 23, 1942 – Massive German air raid on Stalingrad.
  • Sept 2, 1942 – Rommel driven back by Montgomery in the Battle of Alam Halfa.
  • Sept 13, 1942 – Battle of Stalingrad begins.
  • Oct 5, 1942 – A German eyewitness observes SS mass murder.
  • Oct 18, 1942 – Hitler orders the execution of all captured British commandos.
  • Nov 1, 1942 – Operation Supercharge (Allies break Axis lines at El Alamein).
  • Nov 8, 1942 – Operation Torch begins (U.S. invasion of North Africa).
  • Nov 11, 1942 – Germans and Italians invade unoccupied Vichy France.
  • Nov 19, 1942 – Soviet counter-offensive at Stalingrad begins.
  • Dec 2, 1942 – Professor Enrico Fermi sets up an atomic reactor in Chicago.
  • Dec 13, 1942 – Rommel withdraws from El Agheila.
  • Dec 16, 1942 – Soviets defeat Italian troops on the River Don in the USSR.
  • Dec 17, 1942 – British Foreign Secretary Eden tells the British House of Commons of mass executions of Jews by Nazis; U.S. declares those crimes will be avenged.
  • Dec 31, 1942 – Battle of the Barents Sea between German and British ships.
  • 1943

  • Jan 2/3 – Germans begin a withdrawal from the Caucasus.
  • Jan 10, 1943 – Soviets begin an offensive against the Germans in Stalingrad.
  • Jan 14-24 – Casablanca conference between Churchill and Roosevelt. During the conference, Roosevelt announces the war can end only with an unconditional German surrender.
  • Jan 23, 1943 – Montgomery’s Eighth Army takes Tripoli.
  • Jan 27, 1943 – First bombing raid by Americans on Germany (at Wilhelmshaven).
  • Feb 2, 1943 – Germans surrender at Stalingrad in the first big defeat of Hitler’s armies.
  • Feb 8, 1943 – Soviet troops take Kursk.
  • Feb 14-25 – Battle of Kasserine Pass between the U.S. 1st Armored Division and German Panzers in North Africa.
  • Feb 16, 1943 – Soviets re-take Kharkov.
  • Feb 18, 1943 – Nazis arrest White Rose resistance leaders in Munich.
  • March 2, 1943 – Germans begin a withdrawal from Tunisia, Africa.
  • March 15, 1943 – Germans re-capture Kharkov.
  • March 16-20 – Battle of Atlantic climaxes with 27 merchant ships sunk by German U-boats.
  • March 20-28 – Montgomery’s Eighth Army breaks through the Mareth Line in Tunisia.
  • April 6/7 – Axis forces in Tunisia begin a withdrawal toward Enfidaville as American and British forces link.
  • April 19, 1943 – Waffen SS attacks Jewish resistance in the Warsaw ghetto.
  • May 7, 1943 – Allies take Tunisia.
  • May 13, 1943 – German and Italian troops surrender in North Africa.
  • May 16, 1943 – Jewish resistance in the Warsaw ghetto ends.
  • May 16/17 – British air raid on the Ruhr.
  • May 22, 1943 – Dönitz suspends U-boat operations in the North Atlantic.
  • June 10, 1943 – ‘Pointblank’ directive to improve Allied bombing strategy issued.
  • June 11, 1943 – Himmler orders the liquidation of all Jewish ghettos in Poland.
  • July 5, 1943 – Germans begin their last offensive against Kursk.
  • July 9/10 – Allies land in Sicily.
  • July 19, 1943 – Allies bomb Rome.
  • July 22, 1943 – Americans capture Palermo, Sicily.
  • July 24, 1943 – British bombing raid on Hamburg.
  • July 25/26 – Mussolini arrested and the Italian Fascist government falls; Marshal Pietro Badoglio takes over and negotiates with Allies.
  • July 27/28 – Allied air raid causes a firestorm in Hamburg.
  • Aug 12-17 – Germans evacuate Sicily.
  • Aug 17, 1943 – American daylight air raids on Regensburg and Schweinfurt in Germany; Allies reach Messina, Sicily.
  • Aug 23, 1943 – Soviet troops recapture Kharkov.
  • Sept 8, 1943 – Italian surrender is announced.
  • Sept 9, 1943 – Allied landings at Salerno and Taranto.
  • Sept 11, 1943 – Germans occupy Rome.
  • Sept 12, 1943 – Germans rescue Mussolini.
  • Sept 23, 1943 – Mussolini re-establishes a Fascist government.
  • Oct 1, 1943 – Allies enter Naples, Italy.
  • Oct 4, 1943 – SS Reichsführer Himmler gives speech at Posen.
  • Oct 13, 1943 – Italy declares war on Germany; Second American air raid on Schweinfurt.
  • Nov 6, 1943 – Russians recapture Kiev in the Ukraine.
  • Nov 18, 1943 – Large British air raid on Berlin.
  • Nov 28, 1943 – Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin meet at Teheran.
  • Dec 24-26 – Soviets launch offensives on the Ukrainian front.
  • 1944

  • Jan 6, 1944 – Soviet troops advance into Poland.
  • Jan 17, 1944 – First attack toward Cassino, Italy.
  • Jan 22, 1944 – Allies land at Anzio.
  • Jan 27, 1944 – Leningrad relieved after a 900-day siege.
  • Feb 15-18 – Allies bomb the monastery at Monte Cassino.
  • Feb 16, 1944 – Germans counter-attack against the Anzio beachhead.
  • March 4, 1944 – Soviet troops begin an offensive on the Belorussian front; First major daylight bombing raid on Berlin by the Allies.
  • March 15, 1944 – Second Allied attempt to capture Monte Cassino begins.
  • March 18, 1944 – British drop 3000 tons of bombs during an air raid on Hamburg, Germany.
  • April 8, 1944 – Soviet troops begin an offensive to liberate Crimea.
  • May 9, 1944 – Soviet troops recapture Sevastopol.
  • May 11, 1944 – Allies attack the Gustav Line south of Rome.
  • May 12, 1944 – Germans surrender in the Crimea.
  • May 15, 1944 – Germans withdraw to the Adolf Hitler Line.
  • May 25, 1944 – Germans retreat from Anzio.
  • June 5, 1944 – Allies enter Rome.
  • June 6, 1944 – D-Day landings.
  • June 9, 1944 – Soviet offensive against the Finnish front begins.
  • June 10, 1944 – Nazis liquidate the town of Oradour-sur-Glane in France.
  • June 13, 1944 – First German V-1 rocket attack on Britain.
  • June 22, 1944 – Operation Bagration begins (the Soviet summer offensive).
  • June 27, 1944 – U.S. troops liberate Cherbourg.
  • July 3, 1944 – ‘Battle of the Hedgerows’ in Normandy; Soviets capture Minsk.
  • July 9, 1944 – British and Canadian troops capture Caen.
  • July 18, 1944 – U.S. troops reach St. Lô.
  • July 20, 1944 – German assassination attempt on Hitler fails.
  • July 24, 1944 – Soviet troops liberate first concentration camp at Majdanek.
  • July 25-30 – Operation Cobra (U.S. troops break out west of St. Lô).
  • July 28, 1944 – Soviet troops take Brest-Litovsk. U.S. troops take Coutances.
  • Aug 1, 1944 – Polish Home Army uprising against Nazis in Warsaw begins; U.S. troops reach Avranches.
  • Aug 4, 1944 – Anne Frank and family arrested by the Gestapo in Amsterdam, Holland.
  • Aug 7, 1944 – Germans begin a major counter-attack toward Avranches.
  • Aug 15, 1944 – Operation Dragoon begins (the Allied invasion of Southern France).
  • Aug 19, 1944 – Resistance uprising in Paris.
  • Aug 19/20 – Soviet offensive in the Balkans begins with an attack on Romania.
  • Aug 20, 1944 – Allies encircle Germans in the Falaise Pocket.
  • Aug 25, 1944 – Liberation of Paris.
  • Aug 29, 1944 – Slovak uprising begins.
  • Aug 31, 1944 – Soviet troops take Bucharest.
  • Sept 1-4 – Verdun, Dieppe, Artois, Rouen, Abbeville, Antwerp and Brussels liberated by Allies.
  • Sept 4, 1944 – Finland and the Soviet Union agree to a cease-fire.
  • Sept 13, 1944 – U.S. troops reach the Siegfried Line.
  • Sept 17, 1944 – Operation Market Garden begins (Allied airborne assault on Holland).
  • Sept 26, 1944 – Soviet troops occupy Estonia.
  • Oct 2, 1944 – Warsaw Uprising ends as the Polish Home Army surrenders to the Germans.
  • Oct 10-29 – Soviet troops capture Riga.
  • Oct 14, 1944 – Allies liberate Athens; Rommel commits suicide.
  • Oct 21, 1944 – Massive German surrender at Aachen.
  • Oct 30, 1944 – Last use of gas chambers at Auschwitz.
  • Nov 20, 1944 – French troops drive through the ‘Beffort Gap’ to reach the Rhine.
  • Nov 24, 1944 – French capture Strasbourg.
  • Dec 4, 1944 – Civil War in Greece; Athens placed under martial law.
  • Dec 16-27 – Battle of the Bulge in the Ardennes.
  • Dec 17, 1944 – Waffen SS murder 81 U.S. POWs at Malmedy.
  • Dec 26, 1944 – Patton relieves Bastogne.
  • Dec 27, 1944 – Soviet troops besiege Budapest.
  • 1945

  • Jan 1-17 – Germans withdraw from the Ardennes.
  • Jan 16, 1945 – U.S. 1st and 3rd Armies link up after a month long separation during the Battle of the Bulge.
  • Jan 17, 1945 – Soviet troops capture Warsaw.
  • Jan 26, 1945 – Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz.
  • Feb 4-11 – Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin meet at Yalta.
  • Feb 13/14 – Dresden is destroyed by a firestorm after Allied bombing raids.
  • March 6, 1945 – Last German offensive of the war begins to defend oil fields in Hungary.
  • March 7, 1945 – Allies take Cologne and establish a bridge across the Rhine at Remagen.
  • March 30, 1945 – Soviet troops capture Danzig.
  • In April – Allies discover stolen Nazi art and wealth hidden in salt mines.
  • April 1, 1945 – U.S. troops encircle Germans in the Ruhr; Allied offensive in North Italy.
  • April 12, 1945 – Allies liberate Buchenwald and Belsen concentration camps;
    President Roosevelt dies. Truman becomes President.
  • April 16, 1945 – Soviet troops begin their final attack on Berlin; Americans enter Nuremberg.
  • April 18, 1945 – German forces in the Ruhr surrender.
  • April 21, 1945 – Soviets reach Berlin.
  • April 28, 1945 – Mussolini is captured and hanged by Italian partisans; Allies take Venice.
  • April 29, 1945 – U.S. 7th Army liberates Dachau.
  • April 30, 1945 – Adolf Hitler commits suicide.
  • May 2, 1945 – German troops in Italy surrender.
  • May 7, 1945 – Unconditional surrender of all German forces to Allies.
  • May 8, 1945 – V-E (Victory in Europe) Day.
  • May 9, 1945 – Hermann Göring is captured by members of the U.S. 7th Army.
  • May 23, 1945 – SS Reichsführer Himmler commits suicide; German High Command and Provisional Government imprisoned.
  • June 5, 1945 – Allies divide up Germany and Berlin and take over the government.
  • June 26, 1945 – United Nations Charter is signed in San Francisco.
  • July 1, 1945 – U.S., British, and French troops move into Berlin.
  • July 16, 1945 – First U.S. atomic bomb test; Potsdam Conference begins.
  • July 26, 1945 – Atlee succeeds Churchill as British Prime Minister.
  • Aug 6, 1945 – First atomic bomb dropped, on Hiroshima, Japan.
  • Aug 8, 1945 – Soviets declares war on Japan and invade Manchuria.
  • Aug 9, 1945 – Second atomic bomb dropped, on Nagasaki, Japan.
  • Aug 14, 1945 – Japanese agree to unconditional surrender.
  • Sept 2, 1945 – Japanese sign the surrender agreement; V-J (Victory over Japan) Day.
  • Oct 24, 1945 – United Nations is officially born.
  • Nov 20, 1945 – Nuremberg war crimes trials begin.
  • 1946

  • Oct 16 – Hermann Göring commits suicide two hours before his scheduled execution.
  • Yeah! That was REALLY long!!!
    Scott777

    Monday!

    A lot of people don’t like Mondays, because they’re the beginning of the week and there are a lot more days following it. There is a lot of “relief” on Friday though, because you get a 2-day weekend, which seems like more.

    I have some more information about my Yellowstone Trip this summer.

  • We leave pretty much 2 days after my school gets out
  • There are some springs, which are pools of hot water open to the public to swim in, they are warm year-round but most of them are too scalding hot to swim in
  • Yeah, that’s all I found out.

    I got my mom the new R.E.M. CD for Mother’s Day yesterday! I’m importing it on my computer while I’m typing this. Here is my favorite song out of the CD.

    Listen to this funny song about Hillary vs. Obama. You know how there’s “Obama Girl” who has a crush on Obama? well now, one of my favorite YouTubers wrote a song about his crush on Hillary! Listen to it here The only thing that he says and I dislike, is that he says “Obama’s not Gonna Win” which isn’t true, people don’t want a civil war so they are smart and support Obama. Hillary is racist, so that could lead the the 2nd American Civil War.

    I found the coolest version of a Ford Mustang ever! I want this car so much!!!

    Scott777

    Happy Mothers Day!

    The day to honor Mothers is here! Well my mom is still in bed, and its 9:19 AM Central Time. My dad is making his special popover thing. (Its really good, I can post the recipe later even though I’m not much of a chef) Hopefully I won’t have to go to church today, I really don’t like it. I’m not calling you stupid or criticizing you if you go to church, but what is so special about a 60 year old man in a dress talking about what happened in the Middle East 2000 years ago? Just my opinion…

    If you already have AOE3 (Age of Empires III, the game I suggested in my last post) here’s something cool you can do. Its more of a strategy though. It does not work in a heavily naval map, only where your enemy’s town center (Their base that you want to destroy) is very close. To do this, here’s what you have to understand: In AOE3, there are 5 ages. (The Discovery Age, the Colonial Age, the Fortress Age, the Industrial Age, and the Imperial age. The Discovery age is around the year 1700 and the Imperial Age is about the year of the American Civil war, 1860-1865). So in the Discovery age, all you can really do is explore, and build stuff like a dock, a livestock feeder place, an outpost (Defensive Automatic Tower with a Cannon) but you need 800 food to get to the colonial age. In the Colonial Age, you can train/build soldiers. If you can discover the enemy’s town center in the Discovery age (They won’t attack you in the Discovery Age) then before the enemy gets to the colonial age, you send your men to destroy their town! It works, but you don’t get to the end of the game, where fighting is really fun because you have all these cannons, upgraded soldiers, calvary, giant warships and a lot more stuff! You can probably find some game-play on YouTube of the game.

    We’re going to Yellowstone this summer with my cousins! I’ll post more later because I really don’t know any details about it yet.

    Obama vs. Hillary…
    Black vs. White…
    Man vs. Woman…
    Yeah, there obviously are a lot of differences, so it will be interesting to find out who wins. But 1-20-09 will be when I will probably throw a party at my house! Because that’s George Bush’s LAST day in office! Yay!!! I’m so happy because we all know Bush sucks!!! He’s a terrible president, he started the Iraq War, and a lot more terrible stuff! So my new solution to any problem whatsoever, is, “I blame the Government (Which means George Bush)”-Scott777
    And there is evidence Hillary Clinton is racist! Click Here and Here. That’s why I support Obama, even if I’m white, I don’t want a racist country, I don’t want another CIVIL WAR.

    -Scott777